There is an old adage: you’re only as strong as your weakest link. But how many of us proactively seek to identify these weaknesses and work on their underlying causes?
There are two main reasons for addressing and correcting weaker areas: performance and health. The question is, how?
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Weaknesses within our muscular-skeletal system are liable to create imbalances, and over time, or with increased training volume or intensity, these imbalances are likely to lead to injury. A periodised training programme and healthy diet can help mitigate this.
There are a few simple tests that can be done to identify weaknesses. It’s always a good idea to video your tests to see what you are doing and how it is probably different from what you think you are doing.
- Spend time on developing weak areas
- A stronger trunk relates to greater power application
- The quality of repetition is key
- Video-record test results
One of the simplest tests you can do is a proprioceptive test involving foot function. Standing barefoot on solid ground with your arms folded, close your eyes and stand on one foot.
You should be able to do this for 60 seconds. If you are unable to do this successfully, you may need to strengthen the muscles that control the arch of the foot.
This can be done by picking up objects off the floor using your toes and by learning to spread your big toe. Good foot function increases knee/hip stability and power production.
The glutes/hips are vital in putting down the power while cycling; you need to maintain the balance between the flexibility of the muscles over the front of the hips and the strength of the glutes.
A simple test for this is to perform a single-leg bridge, with your knees together and one leg fully extended. You should be able to hold your hips level for 60 seconds. This will aid pelvic stability and increase power from the hip.
The central part of our body or ‘core’ is a complicated tent-like structure held in position by a multitude of guide ropes (muscles).
In my experience, the plane of movement most often neglected by cyclists is rotation. A good test/exercise for this is the plank with a single-arm reach.
You should be able to maintain a motionless plank posture while reaching forwards with one arm — switching between sides to check for imbalances. Build to 12 repetitions; this will translate to greater power application.
See how you compare
Do: adopt a multi-plane approach to training. Although cycling appears to be a linear movement, lateral and rotational control play a huge role in trunk stability.
Do: use the off-season to test for weaknesses and reset the body for the new season. It may be worth consulting a physiotherapist.
Do: spend time in the off-season cross-training. This will strengthen areas underused while cycling.
Don’t: neglect areas of the body that may appear to be irrelevant in the action of cycling (i.e. shoulders and neck).
Don’t: give yourself too many areas to improve at once. Prioritise, achieve and move on to the next.