What does it take to complete the Tour de France?

Maria David gets a vivid insight into the demands of the race from a team of amateur women who completed the full route one month ahead of the pros

(Marie Istil)

What does it really take for Joe or Jill Bloggs – normal amateur riders – to complete the full route of this year’s Tour de France? We don’t need to speculate, because a group of amateur women have just returned home from doing just that.

Each year for the last six years, international team Donnons des elles au Vélo has ridden the route of the Tour de France as part of their campaign calling for a women’s Tour de France, while raising the profile of women’s cycle racing. The team consists of 13 riders, selected from around 100 applicants. Guests (men and women) can accompany the group on the rides, though it is the women’s team that takes centre stage. In a normal year, they ride each stage one day ahead of the pros, but due to the pandemic, this year’s ride took place one month ahead.

The women trained specifically for the Tour route over eight months, despite being constrained by lockdown. One of the riders, Claire Floret, suffered from Covid-19 symptoms, leaving her with neurological issues including loss of taste and depression. Other participants – Magali Lagarde, Soléne Marquet and Valerie Jeudy worked on the frontline as nurses, juggling training with the demands of their job – it didn’t stop them from covering thousands of kilometres in preparation for the challenge.

Stage 1

Nice to Nice via Castaigners – 155km

Type: Flat

Difficulty rating: ★★

Laura Lestingi says: “We were full of enthusiasm to be finally starting our ride. Our legs felt good, but we took it easy, mindful of the tough stages that lay ahead.”

Stage 2

Nice to Nice via Col de Turini – 187.7km

Type: Mountain

Difficulty rating: ★★★★

Highlight: Descending Col de Turini

Hardest part: Climbing col d’Eze and Col des Quatre Chemins in the heat twice

What did it take?

“The main climb, Col de Turini, was a seven per cent gradient over 15km. I had stomach problems and struggled to digest my food. The discomfort went away after the climb, and it was a great descent. But when we went into the Col d’Eze, things got tougher. Although it is not a tough climb, it came at the end of the day of 38ºC heat, and it was demoralising going up Col d’Eze descending into Nice and then having to climb back up it again.

“Other women had stomach problems too. The problem was that having Alpine climbs so early, meant our bodies had not had the chance to adapt to the greater work and digestive load. It was a beautiful stage, but the last part was quite challenging because of the heat, as well as having to negotiate the rush hour traffic in Nice.”

Lestingi’s data:
Distance: 186km

Elevation gain: 3,393m

Calories: 6,001kcal

Max speed: 72kph

Stage 3

Nice to Sisteron – 202km

Type: Flat

Difficulty rating: ★★

Valerie Jeudy says: “After the tough stage in Nice, we were caught out, thinking this would be an easy stage along the historic Route Napoleon. However, we were climbing for the first 120km, with temperatures reaching 42ºC.”

(Marie Istil)

Stage 4

Sisteron to Orcières-Merlettes – 163.5km

Type: Hilly

Difficulty rating: ★★★

Claire Floret says: “This was one of the most memorable stages because of the

welcome we received as we climbed up to the ski resort. Hundreds of townsfolk and the local council turned out to cheer us on. It was emotional.”

Stage 5

Gap to Privas – 183.5km

Type: Flat

Difficulty rating:

Ofélie Tastavin says: “A mainly downhill stage where we finished ahead of schedule. This allowed us time to have a massage from one of the five sports therapists accompanying us.”

Stage 6

Le Teil to Mont Aigoual – 190.9km

Type: Hilly

Difficulty rating: ★★

Céline Lauret says: “A mainly flat stage, apart from a 17 per cent gradient on Col de la Lusette. At least it wasn’t in blazing heat, phew!”

Stage 7

Creissels to Lavaur – 167.9km

Type: Flat

Difficulty rating: ★★

Coraline Conan says: “The last 70km were either downhill or flat, but

required focus because the fatigue was catching up with us as we rode in a moderate wind.

“Given that we weren’t getting to bed before midnight each night and then waking up at 6am, sleep deprivation was setting in.”

Stage 8

Cazères-sur-Garonne to  Loudenvielle – 142.8km

Type: Mountains

Valerie Jeudy says: “Our first day in the Pyrenees, with three categorised climbs. We took things steadily.”

Stage 9

Pau to Laruns – 160km

Type: Mountains

Difficulty rating: ★★★★

Highlight: Having my brother ride with us and motivate me

Hardest part: Climbing the Col de Marie Blanque

What did it take?

“I knew this would be a tough day because of the climbs and the heat, so I mentally prepared myself for it. I made sure to eat well: I had a big breakfast with bread and jam, plus cereal. During a stage, I generally eat every two hours. We have a break at mid-morning, and mid-afternoon as well as a lunch stop, so that keeps my energy levels up. I also keep Clif Bars in my pocket.

“At lunch, the staff gave us chicken sandwiches, and we dipped our feet in a stream to cool down. I didn’t want to ride too easy on the early climbs, as I wanted to keep a good rhythm and not let my legs go to sleep. As an ultra-distance rider, I function better if I don’t ride too slowly – and I didn’t mind riding harder before the rest day.

(Marie Istil)

“I was familiar with Col de Soudet, and had ridden Col de Marie Blanque from Bielle in the past. But riding it towards Laruns was a lot harder, and the last 4km had ramps of over 12 per cent. I followed the wheel of some of the better climbers – Solène and Aline [Clément], who were just ahead of me. My brother rode with us and that motivated me to try harder. A women’s group, Extra Miles, also joined us and that gave an increased feminine presence on the road.”

Geneau’s data

Distance: 158.5km

Elevation gain: 3,200m

Calories : 2,820kcal

Maximum power: 945W

Maximum speed: 70kph

Stage 10

Le Château-d’Oléron – Saint Martin de Re – 169km

Type: Flat

Difficulty rating:

Nathalie Giloy says: “A pan-flat stage between two spectacular promontories. It’s normally a windy stage and echelons form, but luckily today was unusually calm.”

Stage 11

Angoulins to Poitiers – 167km

Type: Flat

Difficulty rating:

Caroline Soubayroux says: “This flat, monotonous stage was easy on the legs, but hard on the morale. On these days, it is better to ride at the back of the group and chat to the guest riders to pass the time.”

Stage 12

Chauvigny to Sarran Corrèze – 222km

Type: Hilly

Difficulty rating: ★★★

Highlight: Crossing the finish line!

Hardest part: Suc de Mary

What did it take?

“This was the longest stage and was approached with trepidation, as it was a constant succession of ups and downs, with the toughest climbs towards the end. This type of stage is harder than Alpine stages where you have a long climb and a long descent to recover. Today the descents weren’t long enough to recover, and we were always working. I am a rouleur-puncheur rider, but with all the efforts we had done so far, this stage was a stretch for me.

(Marie Istil)

“At 50km in, we got soaked to the skin after a violent storm, and didn’t dry out for the rest of the day. It was tough riding through-and-off into the wind, and after 200km, with heavy legs we tackled the Suc de Mary, which felt like riding up a wall. It was a real test on our motivation. On our arrival in Corrèze, we were welcomed by the local councillor who rewarded us with a free visit to the Jacques Chirac Museum!”

Giloy’s data:

Distance: 222km

Elevation gain: 3,824m

Calories: 3,627kcal

Maximum power: 617W

Maximum speed: 63kph

Stage 13

Chatel Guyon to Puy Mary

Type: Medium mountains

Difficulty rating: ★★★

Highlight: Seeing all our names written on the road on the climb to Puy Mary

Hardest part: Summit finish on Puy Mary

What did it take?

This stage went through Auvergne over the ancient lava domes (or Puy). Although there are no cols, the area is constantly undulating with six climbs to crest. Yesterday was the longest stage of the day, while today had the most climbing: 4,400m. Puy Mary had some 15-16 per cent ramps in the last 3km. The encouragement by the spectators on the climb was the thing that kept us going, and it was particularly emotional for me, as this is my home region.

“I started cycling just two years ago, after 15 years as a basketball player, and hadn’t expected my application to be accepted. Many people helped me prepare by doing 200km rides and cyclosportives with me. I also did intervals on the turbo trainer and did crossfit online with my teammates.

“As a nurse, I had to deal with the difficult mental aspects of working on the front line, and sport was a good distraction, even if I didn’t enjoy training indoors. Lockdown limited my training, and I didn’t feel sure that I could ride 200km stages day after day. But today’s stage went well for me, thanks to the encouragement.”

Marquet’s data:

Distance: 194km

Elevation gain: 4,232m

Calories: 7,425kcal

Max speed: 60kph

QOMs gained: 3

Stage 14

Clermont Ferrand to Lyon – 203km

Type: Flat

Difficulty rating: ★★

Coraline Conan says: “We were quite euphoric and got a morale boost after Christian Prudhomme came to see us and congratulated us on our ride. He said that our efforts had contributed towards ASO deciding to organise a women’s stage race in 2022. Our ride was interrupted on the Col du Béal when we had to give way to the pro riders doing this route as Stage 1 of the Critérium du Dauphine Libéré.”

Stage 15

Vaulx-en-Velin to Grand Colombier – 176km

Type: Mountain

Difficulty rating: ★★★

Highlight: The view of the Lac du Bourget

Hardest parts: Riding Montée de la Selle de Fromentel; Grand Colombier

What did it take?

“This was my worst stage. As a road racer, I am used to 60km crits. I train six times per week, doing rides in the morning and crossfit with Claire [Floret] in the afternoons. I also do long rides, and after lockdown I rode La Route des Grandes Alpes to prepare for this tour. But riding 200km per day for three weeks was a step up for me. By the time we were doing this stage, I had terrible pains in my knees, and achy glutes. The first climb, Montée de la Selle de Fromentel was hell, with the gradient going to 24 per cent. The final climb, Grand Colombier, was less steep, but was the longest. I was also suffering from sleep deprivation – drinking a lot of coffee to get through the days. I really appreciated the upcoming rest day and the chance to get a good massage.”

Claire Floret’s data:

Distance: 180km

Elevation gain: 3,529m

Calories: 3,243kcal

Maximum power: 687W

Maximum speed: 75kph

(Marie Istil)

Stage 16

Saint-Didier-de-la-Tour to Villard-de-Lans – 165km

Type: Mountains

Difficulty rating: ★★★

Aline Clément says: “Our legs felt fresh after the rest day for this Alpine stage that included five categorised climbs. It was a day of contrasts, as the morning saw interest from the local television station and the French Cycling Federation, while in the afternoon we were harassed by some male motorists and motorbikers who insulted us from their cars and did close passes.”

Stage 17

Corenc to Col de la Loze – 169km

Type: Mountains

Difficulty rating: ★★★★

Highlight: A can of Coke on Col de la Loze!

Hardest part: Col de la Loze

What did it take?

“I had been looking forward to doing this stage, and wanted to ride it well. However, with all the cumulative miles in my legs, I couldn’t ride it as fast as I would have liked. We’d had a rest day two days before, and it took me time to get back into the rhythm. Rest days are useful, but if I don’t ride at all, my legs get stiff. A mix-up over trucks meant that I couldn’t access my bike on the rest day, so I spent stage 16 trying to get my legs back into pedalling.

“After that long day, I skipped the evening meal, preferring sleep over food. However, I still felt tired and sleepy during this stage, especially on the Col de la Madeleine. But the ultra-rider in me pushed me on. I felt I owed it to myself and my training to carry on. I knew that if I stopped at the side of the road, I wouldn’t get back on. I focused totally on pushing the pedals while blocking everything else out of my mind, including the pain. I also told myself that this is a privilege, as there are many women around the world who aren’t allowed to ride a bike. Col de la Loze, with its new, 14-20 per cent gradient cycle path, was another test. I had just enough energy to hang on to Ofélie’s wheel. Along the way, I ran out of water. Eventually our support motorbike came by and I grabbed a Coke. It was a life-saver!”

Soubayroux’s data:

Distance: 178km

Elevation gain: 4,179m

Calories: 4,648kcal

Maximum power: 2,357W

Maximum speed: 78kph

Stage 18

Moûtiers – La Roche-sur-Foron

Type: Mountains

Difficulty rating: ★★★★★

Karine Geneau says: “This was the longest day in the saddle: we started at 8.30am and didn’t arrive at La Roche-sur-Foron until after 9pm. That’s what it took to complete two hors category cols – Cormet de Roselend and Col des Saisies – plus three more climbs.”

Stage 19

Bourg-en-Bresse to Champagnole – 163km

Type: Flat

Difficulty rating: ★★

Coraline Conan says: “A relaxed day, as Paris was in our sights, and we got a good massage”

Stage 20

Lure to Planche des Belles Filles – 36km

Type: Mountain time trial

Difficulty rating:

(Marie Istil)

Magali Lagarde says: “The beginning and the end of the climb were the hardest parts. We were greeted by councillors from Mélisey, among them Thibaut Pinot’s father. Thibaut was not present; Covid-19 rules prevented pros from mixing with us. This included the patron of our tour, Cecilie Uttrup Ludwig…but we did spot Pavel Sivakov (Ineos Grenadiers) doing reps.”

Stage 21

Mantes La Jolie – Paris – 78km

Type: Flat

Difficulty rating: ★

Bettina Fischer says: “Our victory parade from the western suburbs to reach the Arc de Triomphe, where police motorcycles escorted us up the Champs Elysées. We’d done it!”

The numbers

Three weeks of riding add up to some startling figures – these are as recorded by Bettina Fischer:

161 Hours in the saddle

3,500 Kilometres ridden

53,934 Metres of climbing

58,107 Calories burned

5 Massages over the course of the three weeks

7 Total number of bottles of water drunk on one col – Grand Colombier and on the Col d’Eze/Quatre Chemins

Support staff

5 physical therapists

2 mechanics

1 motorbike support

1 social network person

1 photographerpreparation

How to get Tour-level fit

Event coordinator Claire Floret, who has ridden the route of the Tour de France for the last six years, provides her top tips for multi-day success:

- Train for a year before the event

- You don’t need to be a road racer, but it is important to be able to cover the distance and ride for a long time day after day

- Do conditioning exercises so that your body can cope with riding long distances every day for 21 days

- Don’t forget the mental aspect. This is also mentally demanding and everyone has a day or two when things get very emotionally challenging.

- Simulate tough situations in your preparation

- The days are long, as you wake up at 6am, finish riding as late as 9pm

- You need to be able to live in a close-knit group as we are two, sometimes three in a hotel room every day and we have no privacy

- It is like being in a professional team, even though we are amateurs!

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