The balance between clarity and ambiguity: How cycling bends the rules of innovation

The UCI's technical rules and regulations have made innovation tougher than ever, but Hannah Bussey discovers there are still some finding ways to push the limits

UCI staff checking bikes at the 2017 Tour de France (Photo by Chris Graythen/Getty Images)

(Image credit: Getty Images)

Ambiguous rules can go one of two ways: they can create a strict regime or allow a liberal degree of freedom; and things don’t get much more ambiguous than guidelines defined by 'spirit'.

"Bicycles shall comply with the spirit and principle of cycling as a sport," says the UCI’s Principle 1.3. "The spirit presupposes that cyclists will compete in competitions on an equal footing. The principle asserts the primacy of man over machine."

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