A month after Belgium rider Tom Van Asbroeck’s steerer broke at Omloop Het Nieuwsblad, Factor has released information on the cause of the failure – reassuring owners that they don’t need to be concerned about their own Factor Ostro bikes – though Israel Start-Up Nation is still riding alternative models.
The team riders have switched from the Ostro bike to riding the 02 VAM and One, having begun the season riding exclusively the Ostro.
Images from the race on Saturday, February 24 show that Van Asbroeck was marooned at the side of the road whilst waiting for a replacement. Factor says he: “encountered an issue with his bike which ended up with his steerer tube being broken inside the frame after striking a curb” – a line that would make an excellent example of use of the passive voice for anyone studying English Language. Cycling Tips, who broke the story, have an image if you want to take a look.
The riders still raced the Ostro the next day, at Kuurne–Brussels–Kuurne, but after that, Factor says: “out of an abundance of caution, [we] and the team jointly came to the decision that after the weekend’s racing we would put the riders back onto the ONE and O2 VAM for racing purposes until we could ascertain the exact root cause of the failure.”
Factor said it was “flummoxed” as to how the steerer had passed both the official ISO standards and its own “internal standards which go well above these minimums with no issues.” Similarly, when Canyon issued a ‘stop ride‘ notice to all owners of the Aeroad, it said the bar had passed “intensive testing procedures” to meet ISO standards.
However, Factor said that on further investigation, it transpired that team mechanics had experienced problems with maintaining headset preload during the 2021 season. These issues had not been encountered with pre-production bikes raced in 2020. Factor noted that it had made several changes, including putting the D-shaped compression bung (which caters for the internal cable routing) into “full, mass production” as opposed to CNCing.
Analysis of the frame and fork in question showed that the failure had taken place “adjacent to the bottom of the compression plug.”
After repeated attempts to replicate the failure, Factor’s engineers succeeded in replicating the preload issue – eventually concluding that there was a “batch issue” with the plug provided to the team – in which the plugs had received a clear adonizing treatment after sandblasting, which “decreased the surface roughness and ultimately the pull out strength.”
Further analysis, Factor says, showed that the compression plugs did not conform to previous batches used, eventually causing “a tremendous amount of distortion in that small local area” in question: the bottom of the steerer tube.
The engineers concluded that the failure was caused by a combination of lack of preload, which led to overtightening, alongside the batch issue.
In terms of what this means for non-WorldTour owners of the Ostro, Factor says that it has “limited” reports of riders struggling with preload – but if anyone does experience this, they will supply a replacement plug “immediately” via a shop, distributor or directly. If there is no preload issue, there is no reason to overtighten – and therefore Factor does not expect more riders to experience this issue.
Factor has used this as an opportunity to remind riders not to over tighten compression plugs – over engaging the threads will lead to further expansion and this can be fatal for the fork. There’s a reason expensive carbon bikes come with torque recommendations.
In a statement, it added: “If you find yourself unable to keep preload on the headset of your Ostro or Vam, please contact Factor for a replacement compression plug, but do not attempt to resolve the issue with overtorque.”
But what about the team? Why aren’t they returning to the Ostro?
It transpires that in aiming to overcome the preload problems, the team mechanics “eventually permanently bonded in the compression plugs on virtually all frames, using 2 part thermoset epoxy, and being diligent they also tightened these up at the same time.” Factor also says there is some confusion over which forks are from a pre-production run, ridden at the Tour de France, and which are from the mass production run.
As a result, it will be replacing all of the forks – but this will take time. Factor has said that for the team bikes, it had taken the opportunity to “further ‘fool proof’ the system, with a bonded threaded preload device, which will add weight and maybe a source of headache for regular riders but for the team is ideal.”