With the Tour de France caravan upon us, a long July of racing stretches out ahead of the peloton and its fans.
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The French grand tour is the most famous of the three, and attracts record audiences – with a claimed 3.5 billion people in 190 different countries reportedly tuning in annually.
We’re now embarking upon the 106th edition of the race, which first took place in 1903 – as a marketing ploy to up the sales of the newspaper L’Auto.
We’ve come a long way, since. Here are some of the perfect stats to accompany your next Tour watching pint…
Fastest tour de France: 41.7 kph
Unsurprisingly, the fastest ever race, overall, came in the Armstrong years. Lance rode 3592.5 km in 86 hours 15 minutes 02 seconds – at an average speed of 41.7 kph (25.9 mph). He had some support.
Individual stages can be even faster.
The fastest road stage was the 194.5km stage from Laval to Blois in 1999, which was won by Mario Cipollini at a blistering 50.4kph.
Rohan Dennis holds the fastest time trial crown, with his 2015 stage one performance at 55.45kph. He did only have to ride 13.8km, though.
Slowest Tour de France: 24.1km/h
On the other end of the scale, in 1919, Firmin Lambot won the race with the slowest ever winning average speed of 24.1km/h.
Longest Tour de France: 1926
In 1926, the route was 5745 kilometres long – that’s 3570 miles. That year, there were only 17 stages, but the longest of them was 433 km from Metz to Dunkerque. At least it was flat.
The 2019 route is 3460km/2150m – and the longest stage will be on day seven, at 230km from Belfort to Chalon-sur-Saône.
Most impressive cheating effort: unawarded
It’s hard to choose one winner of this subjective category.
The Lance Armstrong era is of course renowned for its cheating history, with the seven time winner being stripped of all his titles gained from 1998 and 2005 following his admission of doping.
However, cheating at the Tour de France far pre-dates the late 90s. In fact, the race’s first winner, Maurice Garin was stripped off his second title in 1904 along with eight other riders.
The cheating was arguably more creative then – including (but not limited to), the use of public transport (trains), being motor paced by a vehicle (attached to the rider via a cork and wire mechanism, held in the mouth), sabotaging the competition with itching powder and having on-side fans throw tacks onto the road in front of rivals.
So – who should win the competition? Hard to say, but Garin and his contemporaries certainly win for inventiveness.
Participation award: Sylvain Chavanel
The French cyclist started 18 editions of the Tour de France, between 2001 and 2018. He didn’t finish in 2007 or 2012, but still holds the award for most finishes, jointly with Dutch rider Joop Zoetemelk.
The two had been ousted by George Hincapie, but his doping disqualifications put pay to his place in the chart.
Most (stage) winningest individual: Eddy Merckx
AKA: The Cannibal
Mercx famously has 34 stage wins to his name. It’s no secret that surpassing this target is a goal for Team Dimension Data’s Mark Cavendish – however the 34-year-olds non-selection for the 2019 Tour de France has put his pursuit of the goal on hold.
Merckx also holds the title for most days in the yellow jumper – at 96.
Most (overall) winningest rider: Jacques Anquetil, Eddy Merckx, Bernard Hinault, and Miguel Indurain
It’s a tie between these four big hitters, who have each won the Tour five times.
Chris Froome (Team Ineos) had hoped to try to equal them and get into the quintet club this year, but his Critérium du Dauphiné crash put pay to that for another year.
Most stage wins, nationally: France
Riders from the home nation have successfully got their hands in the air 702 times.
Unfortunately for the French, the country’s last GC winner was Bernard Hinault, back in 1985 – that’s 34 years ago now.
Smallest winning margin: 8 seconds
Entering the final stage of 1989 Tour de France, two-time winner and Frenchman Laurent Fignon led by 50 seconds.
But using aerobars and a new sleek aero helmet, Greg LeMond managed to complete the course 58 seconds up on him, to take the overall by just 8s, after over 2000 miles of racing.
It’s long been noted that Fignon’s ponytail, which caught the wind throughout, may well have cost him his third win.
Largest winning margin: 2 hours 49 minutes 45 seconds
That was the difference between 1903 winner Maurice Garin and second placed Lucien Pothier.
Oldest rider to win: Firmin Lambot
The oldest ever winner of the Tour de France was Firmin Lambot, at 36-years-old when he proved himself the fastest in 1922.
He’s not the oldest Grand Tour winner, however, that title goes to Chris Horner who took the top step at the Vuelta a España aged 41 back in 2013.
Youngest rider to win: Henri Comet
The naysayers suggest that Team Ineos’ Egan Bernal is just too young to win this year’s Tour, at 22-year-old. But the bookies favourite would be far from the youngest. Comet was 19-year-old when he won in 1904.
Admittedly, that was following the eight disqualifications that took place for cheating that year.
Arguably, though, Comet’s shoes are not the best to aim to fill. The following three years, he did not finish, coming eighth in 1909, before another DNF, then 16th, 12th and 28th from 1910 to 1912.
Last female winner: Emma Pooley
The last edition of the Women’s Tour de France took place in 2009 – and it was won by Britain’s own Emma Pooley. Nicole Cooke won twice, in 2006 and 2007 too.
The lack of a women’s Tour de France is a bone of contention for many. Organisers, ASO, finally agreed to put on a one day race ‘La Course‘ in 2014.
However, they’ve never let it get beyond a two-day event, with the decision to opt for a ‘pursuit’ style handicap time trial in 2017 a particular disappointment.