Guide to: The keirin

Unpredictable, physical and lightening fast, the keirin is always an entertaining bike race.

Revolution Series, London, March 2014, day one
(Image credit: Andy Jones)

This sprint event heralds from Japan where professional keirin racing is the equivilant of horse racing, drawing in huge crowds to gamble on the outcome.

The riders, many of whom are millionaires from their earnings in the sport, live in schools away from any members of the public who may want to influence the outcome of the races. The common misconception is that keirin means fight, actually it means 'racing wheels'.

The Japanese keirin events are somewhere between a sprint and an endurance event, held on velodromes that can be 250, 333, 400 or 500m in length. In the world of international track racing the race is for sprinters. The riders line up side-by-side on the pursuit line and jump in behind the pacer's bike, commonly called a derny, as it comes past. The riders' starting position is determined by drawing lots beforehand. Position number one is at the bottom of the track and that rider should take the spot directly behind the pacer unless another rider beats them to it.

The riders will somethimes jockey for the position they want behind the pacer, and it’s common to see a few nudges between riders as they fight for the best wheel to follow. What they mustn’t do is pass the derny that slowly builds it’s speed (the pace bike rider judges the speed through his pedalling cadence) to 50kph. With two-and-a-half laps to go the pacer swings down off the track and the sprint begins.

From here riders will use a variety of tactics; leading from the front, sitting in the wheels, or leaving it last with a burts of speed.

Men's keirin final, London 2012 Olympic Games, track day six

Men's keirin final, London 2012 Olympic Games, track day six
(Image credit: watson)

Expert opinion – Sir Chris Hoy

“The race is six guys on bicycles, it’s a two and a half lap sprint and the race begins when the pace bike swings off. The pace, or derny bike, is a way of keeping the bunch together, it’s like a pace car in motor sport."

"So basically the race doesn’t begin until the bike swings off, then it’s two and a half laps of everyone going hell for leather. It’s simple, you’re trying to cross the line first, but then there’s five or six other riders all trying to do the same."

"Therefore there’s always an element of bumping and barging to get there, but it’s fast, high speed and exciting, and occasionally there are crashes. Tactics will depend on the type of race it is. Sometimes it will be a flat out sprint for two and a half laps, while other times there’ll be a bit of hesitation, but no more than half a lap of waiting before the first guy will go for it."

"If you hit it the front hard, with a lap and a half to go, then not many folk will get round you. It’s about timing your attack correctly and holding on to the line. You have a plan A, and a plan B if they don’t work you ride on instinct and react to the situation around you.”


First and second riders in each first round heat of go through to the second round, with the rest of the riders going in to the repechage. Winners of repechage go in to second round. There are just two heats in the second round with the top three riders of each going in to the gold medal final that decides the overall winner. Riders who finish in positions four to six go in to the 7-12 final to decide the minor places.

Current Olympic champions

Men: Sir Chris Hoy (GBr)

Women: Victoria Pendleton (GBr)

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