Date of birth: May 21, 1985
Team: Dimension Data
Mark Cavendish is firmly established as one of the greatest British cyclists of all time, with more than 140 professional wins to his name: 48 stage wins across all three Grand Tours with a points classification jersey at each, victories at Scheldeprijs, Milan-San Remo and Kuurne-Brussels-Kuurne, as well as a world and a national road race championship to go with stages at prestigious races like Tirreno-Adriatico and the Tour de Suisse.
Quite simply, Cavendish is one of the greatest road sprinters of his generation.
The last few seasons have been marred by the Epstein-Barr virus, which Cavendish received a diagnosis for in 2018. He's back racing in 2019, but results have been low as he aims to regain form.
Mark Cavendish: career to date
Having graduated through British Cycling's Olympic Academy track programme under the close watch of coach Rod Ellingworth, Cavendish had his breakthrough on the road in 2008. He won Scheldeprijs in April, two stages at the Giro d'Italia in May and recovered in time to take four stages of that July's Tour de France, abandoning after stage 14 to focus on the Madison race at the Beijing Olmypics (he and Wiggins, reigning world champions, could only finish ninth).
Cav continued to dominate in 2009, taking four stages (including a TTT) at the Giro and six at the Tour as well as a famous win in the 100th edition of Milan San-Remo (only the second Brit to win after Tom Simpson in 1964), and in 2010, winning five stages at the Tour and two at the Vuelta en route to his first Grand Tour point classification jersey.
In 2011, he was named as the BBC's Sports Personality of the Year, becoming only the third cyclist to win the award after the late Tommy Simpson in 1965 and Sir Chris Hoy in 2008. Although he had only won 12 races they included two stages of the Giro, five Tour de France stages and the green jersey, and the road race world championship title.
The following year he rode for Team Sky, but was released from his contract after the team failed to give him their full support in Grand Tours. He nonetheless managed to win Kuurne-Brussels-Kuurne and three stages apiece at the Giro and Tour.
Cav returned to winning ways at Omega-Pharma-Quick Step in 2013, winning stages at the Tour of Qatar and Tour de San Luis in the early season. He took five stages and the points classification at the Giro d'Italia (wearing pink for a day after winning stage one) and won his first national road race title, but just the two stages at the Tour (where Marcel Kittel won four, including on the Champs Elysees) and the Manxman didn't win a single Grand Tour stage in 2014, crashing and injuring his shoulder on the very first stage of the Tour, settling instead for stages at the Volta ao Algarve and Tirreno-Adriatico among others.
His 2015 season was a story of two halves. He began in typically authoritative style, first taking overall victory in the Dubai Tour and following up with victory in the one-day Classic Kuurne-Brussels-Kuurne.
But Cavendish's name is synonymous with the Tour de France and 2015's race was a disappointment by his exceptionally high standards. One stage win is a relatively poor haul for the Manx Missile, but it did lift him to 26 Tour stage victories at Le Grand Boucle.
Despite a legacy of success with the Belgian team, Cavendish left Etixx-Quick Step in the off-season to join Dimension Data, reuniting with former teammates Edvald Boasson Hagen, Bernhard Eisel and his leadout man of choice Mark Renshaw.
He didn't leave his new team waiting long for his first win, taking stage one of the 2016 Tour of Qatar to get off the mark for the African outfit. Cav then wore the maillot jaune at the Tour in July for the first time in his career and claimed four stage victories, taking his Grand Tour stage win total to 30 and putting him second to Eddy Merckx (with 34).
Next, Cavendish filled in another blank on his CV by claiming the silver medal in the 2016 Rio Olympic Games omnium on the track.
An attempt to take his second road race world title fell tantalisingly short, as he finished second to Peter Sagan. That was not it for Cavendish, though, as he won the Ghent Six Day in November with partner Bradley Wiggins, becoming the first British pairing to do so.
The following year, 2017, was a difficult one. An attack of Glandular Fever meant that he didn’t race between Milan San Remo in March and Tour de Slovénie in June and the illness has followed him for some time.
At the British National Road Race on June 25, he left the win to Dimension Data team mate, Steve Cummings.
The British sprinter was unsure if he would race the Tour de France but was eventually selected for the Team Dimension Data squad.
However a broken shoulder blade as a result of a a crash during the final metres of stage four ended his race early. The race jury ruled that the crash was caused by Peter Sagan, who was disqualified from the race.
The 2018 season started well with a win at stage three of the Dubai Tour - but then it quickly went downhill.
The Manxman abandoned the Abu Dhabi Tour after a crash in the neutralised zone, caused by an official car. He was eliminated from Tirreno-Adriatico following a crash in the opening time trial - resulting in a broken rib. Then, when riding Milan-San Remo - still on the mend and mostly to support his Dimension Data team mates, he crashed again - sustaining another broken rib and damage to his ankle.
Following the Milan-San Remo crash, team doctor Dr Jarrad van Zuydam commented that Cav was "okay" and had "even managed to preserve his sense of humour."
Cav started the 2018 Tour de France, but did not achieve a win before being eliminated alongside Marcel Kittel (Katusha-Alpecin) - neither made the time cut on the mountainous day.
He returned to racing at the Vuelta a San Juan in Argentina, following 6 months of being off the bike due to Epstein-Barr virus. This, alongside strained relations with Douglas Adams (owner of Dimension Data), meant that Cav missed the tour for the first time in a decade. After several poor results, many worried that it would be the final season for the sprinter. However, in October it was announced he had signed with Bahrain-McLaren, joining forces with Rod Ellingworth.
Major results: Tour de France 2016 | Ghent Six Day 2016 | Kuurne-Brussels-Kuurne 2015 | National championships 2013 | Tour de France 2011 | World title 2011 | Milan-San Remo 2009 | Tour de France 2008 | Scheldeprijs 2007
'I hope he doesn't think I'm some fanatic weirdo': Man fulfils promise to get Mark Cavendish tattoo if he won another race
Paul James has paid homage to the sprinter's comeback with a tattoo of the Tour de France green jersey winner
Mark Cavendish unsure on Tour de France 2022 route: 'There aren’t as many chances for the fast men'
The joint-record Tour de France stage winner would grab his 35th with victory in 2022, surpassing Eddy Merckx
By Ryan Dabbs •
Mark Cavendish wins reduced sprint at Sparkassen Münsterland Giro 2021
The Manxman adds another win to his 2021 tally
By Jonny Long •
'I owe my career to you': Mark Cavendish pays tribute to former British Cycling coach Heiko Salzwedel
The sprinter has shared his thoughts after his former coach passed away
By Jonny Long •
Mark Cavendish reaches agreement on wages, final sticking point is role with Deceuninck - Quick-Step after retirement
The sprinter will meet with Lefevere when both are present at the UCI Road World Championships this week in Flanders
By Jonny Long •
Mark Cavendish spotted cycling in central London
Cavendish will race in the World Championships on Sunday 26 September, but needed to get some miles in his legs in London
By Ryan Dabbs •
Mark Cavendish explains mid-race frustration to viewers during Tour of Britain breakaway
The 'Manx Missile' became frustrated with the motorbikes helping two riders the break had deliberately dropped
By Tim Bonville-Ginn •
Mark Cavendish unsure if he will remain at Deceuninck - Quick-Step but vows 'I will get even better'
The 36-year-old is racing this week's Tour of Britain
By Chris Marshall-Bell •
'Mark Cavendish should not overestimate his market value in the euphoria of the Tour,' says Patrick Lefevere
The two parties have not got closer to agreeing a new deal since having dinner together after the conclusion of the Tour de France
By Jonny Long •
Mark Cavendish: ‘The Tour de France is not a bike race, it’s a world sporting event’
The British sprinter shares his thoughts on the pressure of the Tour
By Alex Ballinger •